What You Will See

The deserts of Ica and Nazca are home to the mysterious Nazca Lines, the huacachina sand dunes, and the Paracas Wildlife Reserve.

The Nazca Lines are huge images on the desert floor. In the 1920s, these images were spotted by pilots flying over the area. These huge drawings on the flat desert floor are so large that it requires an aerial view to be fully appreciated.

Over 70 different varieties of plant and animal drawings – including hummingbird, killer whale, spider and monkey – in addition to hundreds of lines and other geometrical shapes can be found here. It is not exactly known who created the lines, how and why it was created. However, most historians attribute the creation to Paracas and Nazca culture that dates back to 900 BC to AD 600.

 

History

Ica has a rich historical background and its first inhabitants date back to 10,000 years old and cultures of Wari, Nazca, Ica and Paracas were developed from this. The region was mostly inhabited by people belonging to the Paracas and Nazca. These groups had great expertise in textiles, metalwork, and pottery.

Further on, in 1563, with the arrival of the Spanish, Jeronimo Luise de Cabrera founded the Villa de Valverde del Valle de Ica. This region is know today for it's vineyards and cotton crops.

 

Culture

This area is home to the world famous Pisco and Pisco Sour drinks.

La Vendimia, a grape harvest festival is celebrated during the month of March in the Ica region. This festival is celebrated in local vineyards to spread greenery across vast tracts of once a dry desert. During the celebration local sweets known as tejas, prepared from candied fruits or pecans will be served. These sweets are filled with caramel and covered with sugar icing. If you are a part of festival, you must try the typical drink called Cachaina, a liquor made from fermented grapes.

 

Geography

Ica is the capital of the Ica region is southern Peru. This entire region is coastal desert, which means dry and hot. 

Between December and March, Peru's summer months, the temperature is usually in the 80s and 90s (F) and in the winter months those temperatures drop into the 60s and 70s.